Labor Day, which takes place on the first Monday of September every year, is a national holiday that celebrates workers in America. The history of Labor Day has roots in the labor movement of the 1800s, a movement that protested against the inhumane treatment of workers during the Industrial Revolution and helped win key rights for the American labor force.
At the start of the Industrial Revolution, as early as the 1700s, laborers began protesting against the horrible conditions of factories and their long work hours. The labor movement grew more organized as the years went on, attempting to organize into unions, as well as rallying and holding strikes.
A member of the labor movement proposed making Labor Day an official holiday in the early 1880s, though historians still debate whether Peter McGuire or Matthew McGuire was the first to propose it and when. Regardless, the first Labor Day celebration was held on September 5, 1882.
Workers organized to hold another Labor Day celebration on the same day in 1883, and in 1884 an official proposal was made for Labor Day to take place on the first Monday of every September. Labor Day was celebrated in 23 states before Congress passed a law in 1894 making it an official holiday nationwide.
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